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25% T-80SA for SPF 50 Sunjin Beauty Science (formerly Sunjin Chemical) Ecocert guideline formula – SPF 50 & meet EU UVA protection guideline. T-80, with25% for SPF 50 & 12% for SPF30.
9 Cosmetic Ingredients that Actually Work Perry Romanowski There are a lot of ingredients in cosmetics that are said to “work” for all kinds of benefits like curing wrinkles, reducing the size of pores, skin lightening and more. Read expert author Perry Romanowski's article covering top products and ingredients i...view more There are a lot of ingredients in cosmetics that are said to “work” for all kinds of benefits like curing wrinkles, reducing the size of pores, skin lightening and more. Read expert author Perry Romanowski's article covering top products and ingredients including DHA, depilatories, petrolatum, moisturizers, cleansing products, alpha hydroxy acids, hydroquinone, sunscreens, retinoic acid and salicylic acid. view less
A Cocktail of Skin Lightening Agents Sino Lion 中狮化学 Skin Lightening products continue to be in high demand in Asia while other parts of the world are expected to experience rapid growth as well. The trend will continue for the foreseeable future as the world population is aging and more and more people wil...view more Skin Lightening products continue to be in high demand in Asia while other parts of the world are expected to experience rapid growth as well. The trend will continue for the foreseeable future as the world population is aging and more and more people will develop age-related pigmentation disorders regardless of race. This paper will discuss a cocktail of skin lightening agents in an effort to search for highly effective skin lightening ingredients(s). view less
A Method for Optimizing Cosmetic Raw Material Levels Perry Romanowski This article by personal care and cosmetics industry expert, Perry Romanowski, discusses an informative method for optimizing cosmetic raw material levels. He explains the details of this method including starting a formula, making a batch, testing, and ...view more This article by personal care and cosmetics industry expert, Perry Romanowski, discusses an informative method for optimizing cosmetic raw material levels. He explains the details of this method including starting a formula, making a batch, testing, and optimizing raw material. view less
A Modern View on Stabilisation Mechanisms of Cosmetic Emulsions BASF Principally, cosmetic emulsions follow the classical rules of stability which are driven by Stoke's law and the theories of attractive and repulsive forces. Modern analytical and physico-chemical tools allow new insights into the characterization and opti...view more Principally, cosmetic emulsions follow the classical rules of stability which are driven by Stoke's law and the theories of attractive and repulsive forces. Modern analytical and physico-chemical tools allow new insights into the characterization and optimization of emulsions. For example, by adopting inter-facial tension measurements to find the most beneficial emulsifier mixtures and manufacturing process. Process developments of high pressure emulsification, cold manufacture or phrase inversion technology enlarge the portfolio of manufacturing stable emulsions. In addition, new emulsifier-free, polymer stabilized systems and Pickering emulsions for pigmented emulsions are discussed. view less
A Multifunctional Conditioner In Skin and Hair Care Applications Sino Lion 中狮化学 A new multifunctional complex derived from organic phospholipids with high cationic charges has been developed and characterized. This special material is designed as a conditioner for hair and skin care applications. It can provide excellent wet comb pro...view more A new multifunctional complex derived from organic phospholipids with high cationic charges has been developed and characterized. This special material is designed as a conditioner for hair and skin care applications. It can provide excellent wet comb properties and other conditioning benefits compared with Polyquaternium-10 and silicones in hair care applications. view less
A New Technology to Bring Efficacy to Make Up Formulation - Abstract BASF Today make-up formulations have reached a stage close to perfection thanks to the developments in pigments and polymers technology. A wide range of cosmetic properties – from long lasting to easy wear is achievable, every shade of colors and all type of l...view more Today make-up formulations have reached a stage close to perfection thanks to the developments in pigments and polymers technology. A wide range of cosmetic properties – from long lasting to easy wear is achievable, every shade of colors and all type of light effects can be attained. Until now, introduction of water-soluble active in make-up was strictly limited to emulsions excluding anhydrous formulation because of raw materials incompatibilities and process restrictions. A breakthrough has been made possible by Laboratoires Sérobiologiques with the development of the innovative technology of Active Powder. It enables the incorporation of water soluble active in anhydrous formulation, to broaden the range of care claim that can be made with color products. Up to 63% of a water solution of active ingredient can be delivered via a powder form. view less
A Novel Water Dispersible Nanoparticles (Sun-Zersetm) Of Encapsulated Microfine Zinc Oxide By Octyl Triazone And Omc Sino Lion 中狮化学 In recent years, formulators are challenged to develop sunscreen products to meet the requirements of growing consumer demand for broad spectrum protection and high SPF value. Formulators must address the following requirements technically in order to obt...view more In recent years, formulators are challenged to develop sunscreen products to meet the requirements of growing consumer demand for broad spectrum protection and high SPF value. Formulators must address the following requirements technically in order to obtain the expected benefits of the sunscreen formula for the competitive market. view less
A new foamer of toothpaste -- Sodium N-Cocoyl Sino Lion 中狮化学 This article is about the application of Eversoft YCS as a surfactant in toothpaste.
Abyssinian Oil Pigment Dispersion Studies Elementis Specialties 海明斯特殊化学公司 Titanium Dioxide is the world’s most widely utilised white pigment. It’s high refractive index, ease of dispensability and photochemical stability are unique. For this reason it is used to impart opacity and whiteness to an enormous variety of products in...view more Titanium Dioxide is the world’s most widely utilised white pigment. It’s high refractive index, ease of dispensability and photochemical stability are unique. For this reason it is used to impart opacity and whiteness to an enormous variety of products including paints, plastics, inks, paper, cosmetics, foodstuffs and pharmaceuticals. view less
An Introduction to Active Delivery Technologies George Deckner Active delivery technologies are ingredients or formulation approaches that improve stability and efficacy or reduce active irritation for consumers in a meaningful way. George Deckner describes 8 development principles, 9 active delivery system objective...view more Active delivery technologies are ingredients or formulation approaches that improve stability and efficacy or reduce active irritation for consumers in a meaningful way. George Deckner describes 8 development principles, 9 active delivery system objectives and 10 types of delivery technologies. view less
An Overview on Skin Whitening Sino Lion 中狮化学 This paper presents an overview of current skin whitening agents used worldwide, and their advantages and disadvantages. The recent research and development efforts in this are will also be discussed in light of proposing future direction for more effecti...view more This paper presents an overview of current skin whitening agents used worldwide, and their advantages and disadvantages. The recent research and development efforts in this are will also be discussed in light of proposing future direction for more effective skin whitening agents, and thus more effective products for consumers. view less
Ancient seaweed cures find new life in modern algae formulations George Deckner Seaweeds are typically 20 to 50% dry weight. Minerals commonly found in seaweeds include potassium, sodium, calcium, magnesium, zinc, copper, chloride, sulfur, phosphorous, vanadium, cobalt, manganese, selenium, bromine, iodine, arsenic, iron and fluorine...view more Seaweeds are typically 20 to 50% dry weight. Minerals commonly found in seaweeds include potassium, sodium, calcium, magnesium, zinc, copper, chloride, sulfur, phosphorous, vanadium, cobalt, manganese, selenium, bromine, iodine, arsenic, iron and fluorine. Many seaweeds contain anti-inflammatory and anti-microbial actives and may have been used for thousands of years to treat various skin disorders. How are seaweed and algae being used in modern skincare and cosmetics formulations and what technologies are available? Read on to find out. view less
Antioxidants for the Stabilization of Sunscreen GEMATRIA TEST LAB Different sunscreen formulations have been investigated regarding their radical generation under UV radiation. Organic and inoraganic UV-filter molecules can generate free radicals during UV-radiation. Whereas organic UV-filters are marked by their degrad...view more Different sunscreen formulations have been investigated regarding their radical generation under UV radiation. Organic and inoraganic UV-filter molecules can generate free radicals during UV-radiation. Whereas organic UV-filters are marked by their degradation under UV-light, inorganic filters are marked by their photocatalytic reactions. The generation of free radicals inside a cosmetic formulation leads to the de-stabilization of the entire cosmetic preparation. Antioxidants can help to overcome this problem, neutralizing the UV- induced free radicals. Polyphenolic compounds, as Green tea extracts, are efficient radical quenchers. The amount of radicals generated with and without the addition of antioxidants can be quantified by Electron Spin Resonance (ESR) spectroscopy and is expressed by the Radical Generationg Factor (RGF) view less
Antioxidants: Powerful Skin Care Actives & Stabilizers George Deckner Antioxidants function by slowing or preventing the oxidation of the molecules by donating hydrogen to prevent free radical formation or by neutralizing existing ones. Industry expert, George Deckner, discusses the important of antioxidants in skin care fo...view more Antioxidants function by slowing or preventing the oxidation of the molecules by donating hydrogen to prevent free radical formation or by neutralizing existing ones. Industry expert, George Deckner, discusses the important of antioxidants in skin care formulations by explaining how they work, autoxidation, oxidative stress and skin aging and product stabilization. view less
Application of Membrimate™ in Separation Membrane-----FAQ Boai NKY Pharmaceuticals Ltd. 博爱新开源制药股份有限公司 This is an article of frequently asked questions about MembriMate™.
Avobenzone: A Globally Approved UVA Absorber George Deckner Industry expert, George Deckner, discusses why Avobenzone is the most important UVA absorber that has been globally approved. Deckner covers chelating agents, recommended photo stabilizers, recommended non sunscreen solvents and suppliers.
Botanical Anti-Inflammatory Agents George Deckner Botanical-based ingredients may be used to treat a broad variety of skin conditions such as itch and inflammation. In this article by personal care industry expert formulator George Decker, you'll learn about botanical anti-Inflammatory agents and how the...view more Botanical-based ingredients may be used to treat a broad variety of skin conditions such as itch and inflammation. In this article by personal care industry expert formulator George Decker, you'll learn about botanical anti-Inflammatory agents and how they may be used in personal care products. view less
Carbomers: Overview, Resources & Materials George Deckner Industry expert George Deckner gives an overview of carbomers, which are high molecular weight crosslinked polymers of acrylic acid with molecular weights of up to 3 – 4 billion Daltons. Article includes background information on carbomers, as well as adv...view more Industry expert George Deckner gives an overview of carbomers, which are high molecular weight crosslinked polymers of acrylic acid with molecular weights of up to 3 – 4 billion Daltons. Article includes background information on carbomers, as well as advantages, formulating tips, key suppliers and recommended materials. view less
Change Of Ultraviolet Absorbance Of Sunscreens By Exposure To Solar-Simulated Radiation Koster Keunen, Inc. Regarding the outdoor behavior of the Caucasian population, modern sunscreens should provide high and broad-spectrum ultraviolet protection in the ultraviolet B as well as in the ultraviolet A range and should be photochemically stable for ultraviolet dos...view more Regarding the outdoor behavior of the Caucasian population, modern sunscreens should provide high and broad-spectrum ultraviolet protection in the ultraviolet B as well as in the ultraviolet A range and should be photochemically stable for ultraviolet doses, which can be expected in solar radiation. view less
Comparison of Microbial Challenge Testing Methods For Cosmetics Schülke & Mayr 德国舒美 The microbial safety of cosmetic products is an important consideration. The results of preservation challenge test are required for the safety assessment. Different methods are commonly available and used in the cosmetic industry. These methods are diffe...view more The microbial safety of cosmetic products is an important consideration. The results of preservation challenge test are required for the safety assessment. Different methods are commonly available and used in the cosmetic industry. These methods are different in the type of microorganisms used, the inoculation of samples, the criteria of acceptance, and the consideration of preservative stability. They will be compared by applying them on a Q 10 containing body lotion. Using borderline concentrations of the preservative system shows how different criteria of acceptance lead to different assessments. However, in order to fix the period after opening (PAO) additional data beside the microbiological challenge test have to be considered. view less
Conditioning Polymers Offer Benefits to Skin Evonik Industries Conditioning polymers are common in hair care. It is typically used to provide hair with a well-defined set of benefits including improved deposition of silicone and better feel through a slippery nature that eases combability. Some of these benefits coul...view more Conditioning polymers are common in hair care. It is typically used to provide hair with a well-defined set of benefits including improved deposition of silicone and better feel through a slippery nature that eases combability. Some of these benefits could be of interest for skin care applications, but many existing conditioning polymers were not designed with skin in mind, leading to shortfalls in performance. New skin-focused conditioning materials like Air Products’ Deposilk Q1TM polymer are nonetheless making their way into the marketplace, providing formulators and consumers with new capabilities and aesthetics. view less
Cosmetics and Toiletries The Chemours Company FC, LLC This article is about cosmetics and toiletries and how alpha hydroxy acid (AHA) affects these products.
Determining the Effect on African, Asian and Latino Hair When Glycolic Acid Is Used in Hair Care Products The Chemours Company FC, LLC This paper provides background information about glycolic acid and a brief explanation of the complex structure of hair before discussing the experiments that were conducted by DuPont researchers and a third-party testing lab under contract to DuPont. Exp...view more This paper provides background information about glycolic acid and a brief explanation of the complex structure of hair before discussing the experiments that were conducted by DuPont researchers and a third-party testing lab under contract to DuPont. Experiments were performed using African, Asian and Latino hair samples. Both healthy and chemically damaged hair samples were used. Data from each of the five classes of experiments are presented. view less
Determining the Effect on Caucasian Hair When Glycolic Acid Is Used in Hair Care The Chemours Company FC, LLC This paper provides background information about glycolic acid and a brief explanation of the complex structure of hair before discussing the experiments that were conducted by researchers at DuPont and at a third-party testing lab. Data from each of the ...view more This paper provides background information about glycolic acid and a brief explanation of the complex structure of hair before discussing the experiments that were conducted by researchers at DuPont and at a third-party testing lab. Data from each of the five classes of experiments are presented. view less
Developing Skin-Lightening Products George Deckner Skin lightening refers to the ability of a product to reduce hyper pigmented areas or spots on the skin. These products try to even or lessen skin coloration due to the formation of excessive melanin. In this article, expert formulator George Deckner disc...view more Skin lightening refers to the ability of a product to reduce hyper pigmented areas or spots on the skin. These products try to even or lessen skin coloration due to the formation of excessive melanin. In this article, expert formulator George Deckner discusses the skin pigmentation process and shares strategies for developing successful skin-lightening products, as well as ingredient resources. view less
ECOCERT BB Cream SPF35, PA++ Sunjin Beauty Science (formerly Sunjin Chemical) Something Remarkable: BB Cream with SPF35 PA++, Non Nano and No ZnO. The challenges that lead to this: ZnO is not welcomed in EU these days, BB Cream is almost always w/Si formula, to have UVB protection, option is limited to Parsol MCX or Nano TiO2 but n...view more Something Remarkable: BB Cream with SPF35 PA++, Non Nano and No ZnO. The challenges that lead to this: ZnO is not welcomed in EU these days, BB Cream is almost always w/Si formula, to have UVB protection, option is limited to Parsol MCX or Nano TiO2 but neither were listed on Ecocert. view less
ECOCERT Sun Cream SPF 50 Sunjin Beauty Science (formerly Sunjin Chemical) This information is for the ECOCERT Sun Cream guideline formula – SPF50. This guideline formula meets the EU UVA protection guideline.
Evaluating Your Cosmetic Prototypes Perry Romanowski Properly evaluating your prototypes is a critical role for a cosmetic formulator. Personal care industry expert, Perry Romanowski, explains an 8 step system to accurately evaluating cosmetic prototypes.
Fatty Alcohol Basics George Deckner Get familiar with fatty alcohols in this industry expert article by veteran personal care formulator George Deckner. Article covers typical uses, chemical composition, natural and synthetic sources and processes and recommended suppliers. Describes the Zi...view more Get familiar with fatty alcohols in this industry expert article by veteran personal care formulator George Deckner. Article covers typical uses, chemical composition, natural and synthetic sources and processes and recommended suppliers. Describes the Ziegler process, Shell higher olefin process and Guerbet alcohols. view less
Formulating "Sulfate-Free", Super Mild and Luxurious Personal Cleaning Products with Amino Acid-based Surfactants Sino Lion 中狮化学 A major trend driven by consumers calling for “sulfate-free”, super mild and luxurious personal cleansing products is sweeping the personal care industry at an awakening speed. Formulators are increasingly facing the challenges this trend has presented, y...view more A major trend driven by consumers calling for “sulfate-free”, super mild and luxurious personal cleansing products is sweeping the personal care industry at an awakening speed. Formulators are increasingly facing the challenges this trend has presented, yet only with limited choices of “sulfate-free” surfactants to formulate various personal cleansing products... view less
Formulating for Sustainability Perry Romanowski The concept of sustainability is found everywhere you look in the cosmetic industry. Industry expert and founder of Chemists Corner, Perry Romanowski, discusses this trend will no doubt continue and change the way cosmetic chemists approach formulation. T...view more The concept of sustainability is found everywhere you look in the cosmetic industry. Industry expert and founder of Chemists Corner, Perry Romanowski, discusses this trend will no doubt continue and change the way cosmetic chemists approach formulation. The topics he covers are defining sustainability, formula function/consumers and formulator benefits view less
Formulating with Exotic Butters Hallstar Contrary to what their name might otherwise imply, exotic butters being used in cosmetic formulations are not sourced from milk and contain no dairy by-products.
Formulating with Natural Surfactants Priscilla Taylor With growth in demand for environmentally-friendly products on the rise, these naturally-derived surfactants is a category sparking interest amongst formulators. Explore definitions of this term and ingredient options, including blends and bio-surfactants...view more With growth in demand for environmentally-friendly products on the rise, these naturally-derived surfactants is a category sparking interest amongst formulators. Explore definitions of this term and ingredient options, including blends and bio-surfactants in this informative infrograpic from personal care industry expert Priscilla Taylor. view less
Formulation Guide 2014 Innospec Performance Chemicals Sustainability is at the heart of our values. Our products are responsibly controlled to reduce environmental impact and maximize health and safety. We actively participate as members of the Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO) to safeguard a sustain...view more Sustainability is at the heart of our values. Our products are responsibly controlled to reduce environmental impact and maximize health and safety. We actively participate as members of the Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO) to safeguard a sustainable future for the personal care market. view less
Fumed Silica: A Multitasking Ingredient Technology George Deckner Fumed silica is a useful ingredient technology for formulators. In this article, George Deckner discusses its chemical makeup, suppliers and potential applications, including converting a liquid to a powder, stabilizing a water-in-oil emulsion, preventing...view more Fumed silica is a useful ingredient technology for formulators. In this article, George Deckner discusses its chemical makeup, suppliers and potential applications, including converting a liquid to a powder, stabilizing a water-in-oil emulsion, preventing caking, thickening oil and many others. view less
Functional Fillers: Multi Tasking Properties Merck KGaA 默克 New ideas for skin balancing beyond soft focus and feel... By Christian Reifschneider, Qualified State Approved Food Chemist, Laboratory Manager Application Technology Cosmetic Pigments
Glycerin: A Significant Humectant George Deckner Glycerin is one of the most important and widely used ingredients in skin care formulations. It is a water-soluble, odorless, colorless, naturally-occurring humectant commonly used as a moisturizer, solvent, or lubricant. In this article, industry expert ...view more Glycerin is one of the most important and widely used ingredients in skin care formulations. It is a water-soluble, odorless, colorless, naturally-occurring humectant commonly used as a moisturizer, solvent, or lubricant. In this article, industry expert George Deckner discusses the 10 key benefits of glycerin. view less
Gold and Sulfur: Elemental Gems Priscilla Taylor Industry expert Priscilla Taylor discusses ingredients that comprise the Chemical Class ‘Elements’. Aluminum, aluminum powder, gold, silver, platinum, tin, sulfer and zinc are some included in this class of ingredients. These ingredients have a diverse r...view more Industry expert Priscilla Taylor discusses ingredients that comprise the Chemical Class ‘Elements’. Aluminum, aluminum powder, gold, silver, platinum, tin, sulfer and zinc are some included in this class of ingredients. These ingredients have a diverse range of functions which include use as abrasives, antioxidants, bulking, colorants and conditioning agents. view less
How to Get the Most out of a Cosmetic Industry Meeting or Trade Show Perry Romanowski Personal care industry expert, Perry Romanowski, explains how to get the most out of a cosmetic industry meeting or trade show. Some key points of the article include, figuring out why you are going, research the show, plan what you are going to do, conne...view more Personal care industry expert, Perry Romanowski, explains how to get the most out of a cosmetic industry meeting or trade show. Some key points of the article include, figuring out why you are going, research the show, plan what you are going to do, connect with people, use social media and the importance of business cards. view less
Humectants: Materials with Multiple Benefits George Deckner Humectants are important multifunctional ingredients found in most skin care formulations. They are defined as materials that can absorb or retain moisture. Humectants can provide numerous benefits such moisturization, exfoliation, potentiation of preserv...view more Humectants are important multifunctional ingredients found in most skin care formulations. They are defined as materials that can absorb or retain moisture. Humectants can provide numerous benefits such moisturization, exfoliation, potentiation of preservation activity and more. Read expert author George Deckner's article to learn about moisturizing humectants, antimicrobial potentiating humectants, humectant solvents and natural based humectants. view less
Hyaluronic Acid: A Ubiquitous Biopolymer George Deckner Hyaluronic Acid also know as Sodium Hyaluronate is a ubiquitous biopolymer found in connective, epithelial, and neural mammalian tissues. In this exclusive article by expert George Deckner, he outlines its origin, history, and beneficial properties. Halur...view more Hyaluronic Acid also know as Sodium Hyaluronate is a ubiquitous biopolymer found in connective, epithelial, and neural mammalian tissues. In this exclusive article by expert George Deckner, he outlines its origin, history, and beneficial properties. Haluronic acid can be used in formulations to enhance moisture and elasticity in skin, reduce fine lines and improve Rosacea. view less
Infographic: Fragrance Trends Priscilla Taylor This infographic by industry expert Priscilla Taylor shows both traditional and non-traditional uses for fragrances and discusses fragrance trends such as celebrity branding, 'natural' fragrances and increased personalization.
Infographic: Using Seasonal Ingredients in Personal Care Products Priscilla Taylor This infographic by industry expert Priscilla Taylor shows how seasonal ingredients such as holly leaf, pecans, peppermint and mistletoe can add a variety of essential benefits to your formulations for everything from aromatherapy products and moisturizer...view more This infographic by industry expert Priscilla Taylor shows how seasonal ingredients such as holly leaf, pecans, peppermint and mistletoe can add a variety of essential benefits to your formulations for everything from aromatherapy products and moisturizers to nail care and anti-aging products. view less
Infographic: What Company Size Fits You? Perry Romanowski So, you’ve got your degree in hand, and you want to launch your career as a cosmetic chemist with the right company. This infographic, inspired by an article by Chemists Corner’s Perry Romanowski, gives you the in and outs of working for small and large c...view more So, you’ve got your degree in hand, and you want to launch your career as a cosmetic chemist with the right company. This infographic, inspired by an article by Chemists Corner’s Perry Romanowski, gives you the in and outs of working for small and large companies view less
Innovations, Awards & Exciting Ingredients at in-cosmetics 2016 George Deckner Personal care expert George Deckner gives summarizes highlights from the world's largest personal care ingredients exhibition, in-cosmetics Paris 2016. He discusses new innovations, awards presented along with announcing some of his favorite new ingredien...view more Personal care expert George Deckner gives summarizes highlights from the world's largest personal care ingredients exhibition, in-cosmetics Paris 2016. He discusses new innovations, awards presented along with announcing some of his favorite new ingredients to enter the market. view less
Interview with Silke Wüstermann and Dr. Peter Oltmanns Pioneering Preservation – schülke Continues to Innovate Schülke & Mayr 德国舒美 This is an interview with Silke Wüstermann, Marketing and Sales Director and Dr. Peter Oltmanns R&D Director Schülke & Mayr GmbH. It covers a brief history of the company, current trends in the cosmetic preservation market, the company's most popular prod...view more This is an interview with Silke Wüstermann, Marketing and Sales Director and Dr. Peter Oltmanns R&D Director Schülke & Mayr GmbH. It covers a brief history of the company, current trends in the cosmetic preservation market, the company's most popular products, and new developments. view less
Investigation of Formulation Induced Softness in Hair Elementis Specialties 海明斯特殊化学公司 The objective of this study is to determine if the inclusion of Fancor® Abyssinian Oil to a hair care formulation will affect the “softness” of the hair.
Key Principles for Becoming a Successful Formulator George Deckner Expert formulator George Deckner found success as a formulator following 11 principles that allowed him to develop a deep well of knowledge, skills and professional relationships. He shares these principles in this exclusive article in hopes of helping ot...view more Expert formulator George Deckner found success as a formulator following 11 principles that allowed him to develop a deep well of knowledge, skills and professional relationships. He shares these principles in this exclusive article in hopes of helping other product developers find a greater degree of success. view less
Linear Polyethylenes and Long-Chain Alcohols in Underarm Sticks and Soft Solids New Phase Technologies This article describes linear polyethylenes and their corresponding long-chain alcohols, compares their gelling efficiency and stability with that of stearyl alcohol and uses microscope photographs to illustrate their crystalline characteristics. In addit...view more This article describes linear polyethylenes and their corresponding long-chain alcohols, compares their gelling efficiency and stability with that of stearyl alcohol and uses microscope photographs to illustrate their crystalline characteristics. In addition, a prototype formulation demonstrates use of the materials in a soft solid product form. view less
Lubrizol Test Procedures Lubrizol This is a collection of various test procedures from Lubrizol. The tests range from the viscosity and clarity of a product to their effectiveness in personal care products.
Lucas Meyer Cosmetics Acquires Biopharmacopae Design International’s Portfolio of Cosmetic Ingredients from Avrio Ventures Limited Partnership Lucas Meyer Cosmetics Lucas Meyer Cosmetics, a wholly owned subsidiary of Unipex Group, and leader in the field of innovative active ingredients, functional ingredients and delivery systems for the cosmetics industry, is acquiring the portfolio of cosmetic ingredients and rela...view more Lucas Meyer Cosmetics, a wholly owned subsidiary of Unipex Group, and leader in the field of innovative active ingredients, functional ingredients and delivery systems for the cosmetics industry, is acquiring the portfolio of cosmetic ingredients and related intellectual property rights of Biopharmacopae Design International from Avrio Ventures L.P. view less
Meet Dexster: Deactivation of Excited States by Emissions and Radiationless Pathways Hallstar This article provides a visual depiction of pathways that UV filters undergo when exposed to solar radiation; such pathways often lead to photoinstability. A fluorescence technique is described that has led the author to identify compounds that preserve p...view more This article provides a visual depiction of pathways that UV filters undergo when exposed to solar radiation; such pathways often lead to photoinstability. A fluorescence technique is described that has led the author to identify compounds that preserve photostability in a novel manner — by quenching the UV filter’s singlet excited state. view less
MembriMate™ ----An Excellent Separation Membrane Additive (II) Boai NKY Pharmaceuticals Ltd. 博爱新开源制药股份有限公司 The application and properties of MembriMateTM in membrane were elaborated in the last edition, while in this edition, the effect and performance of PES plat membrane will be introduced.
MembriMate™---- Excellent Additive for Separation Membrane (1) Boai NKY Pharmaceuticals Ltd. 博爱新开源制药股份有限公司 MembriMateTM (brand name of Boai NKY Pharmaceuticals Ltd.), as one of the most important additives for PES, PVDF, PSf and other membrane, exhibits excellent physical and chemical property, could enhance and optimize the structure and performance of membra...view more MembriMateTM (brand name of Boai NKY Pharmaceuticals Ltd.), as one of the most important additives for PES, PVDF, PSf and other membrane, exhibits excellent physical and chemical property, could enhance and optimize the structure and performance of membrane. In this issue, the application and properties of MembriMateTM in PES membrane will be introduced. view less
Men’s Skincare: Male Skin Biology & Opportunities in a Hot Market George Deckner Men's skincare is a hot growing market. Learn about male skin biology, the differences between male and female skin as well as the increasing market opportunities in this article by personal care industry expert, George Deckner.
Microemulsions Explained George Deckner The term “microemulsion” was first used by Schulman in 1959 to describe a multiphase system consisting of water, oil, surfactant and alcohol, which forms transparent solutions. MEs are thermodynamically stable micellar dispersions with a particle size of ...view more The term “microemulsion” was first used by Schulman in 1959 to describe a multiphase system consisting of water, oil, surfactant and alcohol, which forms transparent solutions. MEs are thermodynamically stable micellar dispersions with a particle size of 10-100 nm that instantly form with simple mixing. Read this article by industry expert, George Deckner, to learn more about microemulsions, the advantages and disadvantages, recommended surfactants/solvents and marketed microemulsion systems. view less
Microfine Hallbrite® T-97 and Other Titanium and Zinc Oxides for Sunscreen Applications Hallstar The use of microfine zinc oxide and titanium dioxide in sunscreen compositions, that are essentially transparent upon rubin, is made possible by optimizing the physicochemical properties of the oxides during both manufacture and formulation. The informati...view more The use of microfine zinc oxide and titanium dioxide in sunscreen compositions, that are essentially transparent upon rubin, is made possible by optimizing the physicochemical properties of the oxides during both manufacture and formulation. The information that follows is presented to apprise the formulator of the benefits built into globally acceptable HallBrite® microfine oxide powders and dispersions. Optimized particle size, coating and dispersion allow the formulator to experience maximum formulating ease, SPF, and product stability with minimum whitening during, and subsequent to, rub-in of finished products when using these HallBrite® products. view less
Moisturizing Strategy: Tips and Recommendations for Formulation George Deckner This article by expert author George Deckner, discusses the importance of finding the right moisturizing base when formulating the most optimal products. He focuses on the factors that make up a good moisturizing base like reduction in dry, itchy skin, im...view more This article by expert author George Deckner, discusses the importance of finding the right moisturizing base when formulating the most optimal products. He focuses on the factors that make up a good moisturizing base like reduction in dry, itchy skin, improved skin elasticity, longer lasting self-tanning color and more. He also talks about TEWL reducing lipids, Stratum Corneum, Aquaporin, caffeine, recommended humectants and emollients and skin barrier-building materials. view less
Molecular Encapsulation Using Cyclodextrin George Deckner Personal care and cleaners expert formulator George Deckner discusses cyclodextrins, which are cyclic oligosaccharides used in foods, cosmetics, home care products and pharmaceuticals for active encapsulation and delivery, in this exclusive article. Types...view more Personal care and cleaners expert formulator George Deckner discusses cyclodextrins, which are cyclic oligosaccharides used in foods, cosmetics, home care products and pharmaceuticals for active encapsulation and delivery, in this exclusive article. Types, properties and applications of cyclodextrins, or CDs are discussed. view less
Multi-Functional Polymeric Technology for Skincare Lubrizol This exclusive article by Lubrizol discusses the multi-functional polymeric technology for skincare. Polymer technology has been playing a significant role in the personal care industry by creating multi-functional products. The design goal is to create o...view more This exclusive article by Lubrizol discusses the multi-functional polymeric technology for skincare. Polymer technology has been playing a significant role in the personal care industry by creating multi-functional products. The design goal is to create one single polymer structure that will provide multiple benefits without adding formulation and process difficulties. Polyurethane-62 is a new multi-benefit solution that is highlighted in this article. view less
Multitasking Emollients George Deckner Multitasking emollients are ingredients that can both improve skin feel and provide other significant benefits. In this article by expert formulator George Decker, you'll learn about emollients as moisturizing ingredients and solvents.
Natural Based Emollients George Deckner Natural-based emollients are important ingredients used in personal care formulations to impart a smooth, soft, moisturized feel to skin and hair. In this article, expert formulator George Deckner discusses the various types of natural-based emollients a...view more Natural-based emollients are important ingredients used in personal care formulations to impart a smooth, soft, moisturized feel to skin and hair. In this article, expert formulator George Deckner discusses the various types of natural-based emollients as well as their beneficial characteristics. view less
Natural Based Thickeners George Deckner Natural based thickeners are either soluble, or swellable polymers that bind or immobilize water to create structure or viscosity. In this article by expert formulator George Decker, you'll learn about the different types of natural based thickeners and t...view more Natural based thickeners are either soluble, or swellable polymers that bind or immobilize water to create structure or viscosity. In this article by expert formulator George Decker, you'll learn about the different types of natural based thickeners and their characteristics as well as his product recommendations. view less
Natural Preservatives and Colorants George Deckner Natural-based ingredients are currently in demand due to consumer perception that they are safer and better for the environment. In this article, expert formulator George Deckner reveals useful information regarding "natural" preservative such as parabens...view more Natural-based ingredients are currently in demand due to consumer perception that they are safer and better for the environment. In this article, expert formulator George Deckner reveals useful information regarding "natural" preservative such as parabens, benzyl alcohol, benzoic acid, sorbic acid, o-cymen-5-ol, and phenoxyethanol as well as "natural" colorants including annatto, carmel, carmine, beta carotene, guaiazulene, titanium dioxide, zinc oxide and iron oxides. view less
New Methods for Testing Skin Protectino Against Noxae Using the Bovine Udder Skin (BUS) GEMATRIA TEST LAB Quantitative and qualitative determination of skin irritation and skin protection through market formulations using an in vitro skin model, the perfused bovine udder (BUS) and different analytical methods, was the objective of the present research.
Oligopeptides from Hibiscus Esculentus Seeds to Smooth Expression Lines BASF In its search for innovative approaches to reverse the visible signs of aging, the cosmetic dermatology industry has embraced a powerful molecule, capable of temporarily relieving facial expression lines: botulic toxin. This neurotoxin inactivates the neu...view more In its search for innovative approaches to reverse the visible signs of aging, the cosmetic dermatology industry has embraced a powerful molecule, capable of temporarily relieving facial expression lines: botulic toxin. This neurotoxin inactivates the neuromuscular junction, thereby locally paralyzing muscle contraction. When injected at appropriate locations on the face, this toxin inhibits contraction of facial muscles, preventing the appearance and imprinting of "dynamic wrinkles" or "expression lines." Responding to market demand for mild, natural alternatives to botulic toxin, it is developed a patented active ingredient for topical application, displaying anti-aging activity: Oligopeptides from Hibiscus esculentus seeds, called H.E.O in this article (INCI name: Hydrolyzed Hibiscus Esculentus Extract (and) Dextrin). view less
Penetration of Reactive Substances in the Skin Characterized by its Radical Status Factor (RSF) GEMATRIA TEST LAB The effect of external treatments of the skin, as the topical application of substances (cosmetics-UV filter, antioxidants), the protection by textiles or the application of aggressive detergents influence the free radical status of the skin and can be ch...view more The effect of external treatments of the skin, as the topical application of substances (cosmetics-UV filter, antioxidants), the protection by textiles or the application of aggressive detergents influence the free radical status of the skin and can be characterized by the Radical Skin/ Status Factor RSF. This factor demonstrates the relation between the Radica l Status (RS) of the untreated (RS untr) and treated skin (RS tr) : RSF = RS tr/RS untr. Substances or influences with a radical reducing effect results in a RSF > 1, with a radical increasing effect in a RSF < 1. No influence means accordingly RSF = 1. Therefore the RSF describes not only the UV- and Radical - protection of sunscreens but it is an universal factor for characterizing the whole radical status as a function of various exogenous and endogenous influences. view less
Principles of Good Formulation Development George Deckner Expert author George Deckner discusses the steps to good formulation, from remembering to test stability to avoiding issues with patents. Some of the main ideas he covers are simplicity, using chelants and antioxidants, having multiple options, understand...view more Expert author George Deckner discusses the steps to good formulation, from remembering to test stability to avoiding issues with patents. Some of the main ideas he covers are simplicity, using chelants and antioxidants, having multiple options, understanding global regulations/restrictions, and more. view less
SCCNY 2010 Poster Ikeda Corporation With the global increase of environmental consciousness, the cosmetics industry has been accelerating and initiating new approaches to "eco-friendly" - manufacturing processes, packaging, or raw materials.
SPF Boosting Technologies George Deckner A good SPF booster can significantly increase SPF efficiency depending on the base formulation and types of sunscreens used. In this article, industry expert George Deckner will explain the benefits and uses for SPF boosting technologies. He discusses f...view more A good SPF booster can significantly increase SPF efficiency depending on the base formulation and types of sunscreens used. In this article, industry expert George Deckner will explain the benefits and uses for SPF boosting technologies. He discusses formulation strategies, recommended oil soluble polymers, recommended hydrophilic polymers, and recommended emollients. view less
SUNJIN NEWSLETTER: ECOCERT SUNSCREEN Sunjin Beauty Science (formerly Sunjin Chemical) SUNJIN Newsletter: Ecocert Sunscreen provides information about non nano TiO2 dispersion, alumina free, high SPF with a broad spectrum.
Salicylic Acid: Origins, Formulation Strategies & Delivery Forms George Deckner In this expert article by George Deckner, he discusses slicylic acid (Hydroxybenzoic acid), a powder that occurs naturally in White Willow. He covers its chemical properties, as well as its cosmetic applications including chemical peels, acne treatments, ...view more In this expert article by George Deckner, he discusses slicylic acid (Hydroxybenzoic acid), a powder that occurs naturally in White Willow. He covers its chemical properties, as well as its cosmetic applications including chemical peels, acne treatments, wart removal and anti-aging treatments. view less
Scalp and Dandruff Basics George Deckner Expert author, George Deckner, explains the ongoing problem of dandruff due to low humidity/temperature, poor scalp hygiene, hair care products, fungal infections (dandruff), psoriasis, eczema, and seborrheic dermatitis.
Schülke introduces efficient – by design sensiva® PA 40 Schülke & Mayr 德国舒美 Schülke has created sensiva® PA 40, an antimicrobial stabiliser blend uniquely suited for your leave-on, wet wipe and sensitive formulas. It combines natural, nature-identical and gentle synthetic materials to produce a multifunctional additive empiricall...view more Schülke has created sensiva® PA 40, an antimicrobial stabiliser blend uniquely suited for your leave-on, wet wipe and sensitive formulas. It combines natural, nature-identical and gentle synthetic materials to produce a multifunctional additive empirically designed to meet the changing preservation needs of the personal care industry. The evolution of protection, sensiva® PA 40 has improved the efficiency and efficacy of non-traditional preservation systems. view less
Senses - A Novel Scientific Tool To Emotionalize Your Products Evonik Industries AG Personal Care 赢创个人护理品 At in-cosmetics 2013, Evonik Personal Care introduced an emollient selection tool that makes identifying the ideal emollient easier than ever before. Evonik's Personal Care business line offers a broad portfolio and expert advice in a step out of the ordi...view more At in-cosmetics 2013, Evonik Personal Care introduced an emollient selection tool that makes identifying the ideal emollient easier than ever before. Evonik's Personal Care business line offers a broad portfolio and expert advice in a step out of the ordinary has been taken: Evonik launched an emollient selection tool that makes finding the right emollient easier for customers. "Senses", the new tool, considers different parameters and characteristics, with a special focus on sensory aspects of emollients. view less
Sensory Evaluation of Functional Cosmetic Ingredients Sino Lion 中狮化学 With rapid growth of cosmetics industry,the market of functional cosmetics is expected to be bigger than ever. Consumers expect more perceivable benefits from cosmetic and personal care products, especially the sensory benefits that could be felt by thems...view more With rapid growth of cosmetics industry,the market of functional cosmetics is expected to be bigger than ever. Consumers expect more perceivable benefits from cosmetic and personal care products, especially the sensory benefits that could be felt by themselves. view less
Sensory Modifiers: Staples of the Formulator’s Toolbox Priscilla Taylor As the name implies, sensory modifiers are ingredients that affect the senses and are most often required to convert a negative aesthetic into a more pleasing consumer experience. Expert author, Priscilla Taylor, explains how sensory modifiers are essenti...view more As the name implies, sensory modifiers are ingredients that affect the senses and are most often required to convert a negative aesthetic into a more pleasing consumer experience. Expert author, Priscilla Taylor, explains how sensory modifiers are essential ingredients that are important in delivering a consumer-acceptable product and are represented by multiple chemical classes. view less
Shampoo Technology George Deckner Shampoos represent the second biggest category in personal care and the largest in personal cleansing and hair care segments. In this article by personal care industry expert formulator George Decker, you'll learn about the main shampoo segments such as a...view more Shampoos represent the second biggest category in personal care and the largest in personal cleansing and hair care segments. In this article by personal care industry expert formulator George Decker, you'll learn about the main shampoo segments such as anti-dandruff, damage repair, 2 in 1 conditioning, color protecting, and shine enhancing. He also covers current shampoo trends including sulfate-free and silicone-free formulations, as well as dry shampoo and no-poo products. view less
Shea Butter in a Nutshell (Infographic) Priscilla Taylor In this infographic by industry expert Priscilla Taylor, she show's why shea butter is an appealing natural ingredient for personal care products, and how shea butter is growing in popularity due to it's composition, benefits and applications.
Skin Barrier Function and Health George Deckner In this article industry expert George Deckner explains strategies for improving the skin barrier function in formulations which include using humectants, barrier restoring lipids, and stimulating epidermal lipid synthesis. A healthy skin barrier is criti...view more In this article industry expert George Deckner explains strategies for improving the skin barrier function in formulations which include using humectants, barrier restoring lipids, and stimulating epidermal lipid synthesis. A healthy skin barrier is critical to normal skin function and many common dermatological conditions including dry skin, sensitive skin, and atopic dermatitis (Eczema). view less
Skin Care Formulations: Meaning Good, Doing Bad? GEMATRIA TEST LAB Modern, multifunctional cosmetic products are increasingly complex and confront the cosmetic industry with new problems in product development. UV filters, anti-oxidative ingredients and particularly basic raw materials may increase the burden of free rad...view more Modern, multifunctional cosmetic products are increasingly complex and confront the cosmetic industry with new problems in product development. UV filters, anti-oxidative ingredients and particularly basic raw materials may increase the burden of free radicals in the formulations and/or inside the skin, even though they were designed to do just the opposite. view less
Skin Care Forum BASF Skin Care Forum provides information about various topics for the cosmetics industry including the composition, structure and efficacy of cosmetic products, new developments in the area of active ingredients, test methods, product performance, legislation...view more Skin Care Forum provides information about various topics for the cosmetics industry including the composition, structure and efficacy of cosmetic products, new developments in the area of active ingredients, test methods, product performance, legislation and market segment-specific topics. view less
Solabia Group is Continuing its International Expansion and Opens Solabia GmbH, its New Subsidiary in Saarbrücken, Germany Solabia Group Solabia Group is establishing itself in Germany, a strategic geographical zone in the cosmetics market. The worldwide producer of cosmetic active ingredients and vegetal extracts announces the opening of its subsidiary Solabia GmbH in Saarbrücken. This st...view more Solabia Group is establishing itself in Germany, a strategic geographical zone in the cosmetics market. The worldwide producer of cosmetic active ingredients and vegetal extracts announces the opening of its subsidiary Solabia GmbH in Saarbrücken. This strategic location offers to Solabia the opportunity to conquer a new market favorable to the technologically advanced and environmentally friendly ingredients that characterize the Solabia product line. view less
Spa Treatments in Skin Whitening, Cooling and Body Sliming Sino Lion 中狮化学 Spa treatment products are in high demand, but there is not a lot of research in this area. In this paper, skin whitening products, cooling products and weight loss/body slimming products used in SPA treatments will be reviewed. Active ingredients for ski...view more Spa treatment products are in high demand, but there is not a lot of research in this area. In this paper, skin whitening products, cooling products and weight loss/body slimming products used in SPA treatments will be reviewed. Active ingredients for skin whitening, cooling and weight loss/slimming will be discussed. Formulation tips, application procedures and the usage of SPA treatments for skin whitening, cooling, weight loss/body slimming will be presented. view less
Status Update: Microbeads (Infographic) Priscilla Taylor This infographic by industry expert Priscilla Taylor provides a status update regarding microbeads. In December 2015 the United States passed legislation banning the use of microbeads in personal care products. Priscilla outlines what's happening in the U...view more This infographic by industry expert Priscilla Taylor provides a status update regarding microbeads. In December 2015 the United States passed legislation banning the use of microbeads in personal care products. Priscilla outlines what's happening in the U.S as well as other parts of the world concerning these infamous exfoliants. view less
Sunjin Newsletter: EPU40: Talc Free PREMIUM Make Up Solution Sunjin Beauty Science (formerly Sunjin Chemical) Sunjin Newsletter EPU40 information on a talc free premium make up solution.
Sunjin Newsletter: Effective UVA and UVB Protection from TiO2 UV Filter Sunjin Beauty Science (formerly Sunjin Chemical) This is the Sunjin Newsletter with information on effective UVA and UVB protection from TiO2 UV filter.
Sunscreen Photostability 101 Hallstar Sunscreens belong to a special class of skin care products. In the U.S., the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) requires that any product with sun protection claims must contain one or more active ingredients chosen from a list in the regulations. In this...view more Sunscreens belong to a special class of skin care products. In the U.S., the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) requires that any product with sun protection claims must contain one or more active ingredients chosen from a list in the regulations. In this article, you can find out why a sunscreen stop working and what can be done to correct the problem. view less
Surfactant Choice in Mild Cleansing Formulation Solvay Novecare Formulating a mild cleanser creates a special challenge to the product development chemist. The chemist not only needs to be familiar with the irritation potential (both skin and eye) of each component, but also the irritation potential of the components ...view more Formulating a mild cleanser creates a special challenge to the product development chemist. The chemist not only needs to be familiar with the irritation potential (both skin and eye) of each component, but also the irritation potential of the components when blended. Other considerations are: concentration, pH, performance properties and cost. view less
Tackling the Clear, Sulfate-Free Formulation Challenge Priscilla Taylor Expert author Priscilla Taylor discusses the challenge of formulating products that must meet certain 'free-of' requirements. 'Sulfate-free' products have become widely popular, but it can be difficult to maintain clarity and achieve viscosity targets wit...view more Expert author Priscilla Taylor discusses the challenge of formulating products that must meet certain 'free-of' requirements. 'Sulfate-free' products have become widely popular, but it can be difficult to maintain clarity and achieve viscosity targets without polymeric thickeners. She also addresses gums, carbomers, cellulose derivatives, Sodium Chloride, Betaines, Hydroxysultaines, Alkanolamides and Amine Oxides, foam boosters and viscosifiers. view less
Technology Highlights from NYSCC Supplier's Day 2016 George Deckner NYSCC Supplier’s Day 2016 was held at the New Jersey Convention and Expo Center in Edison New Jersey. The show is the largest personal care ingredient trade show in the US and this year’s show had 378 global exhibitors with over 7,000 registered attendees...view more NYSCC Supplier’s Day 2016 was held at the New Jersey Convention and Expo Center in Edison New Jersey. The show is the largest personal care ingredient trade show in the US and this year’s show had 378 global exhibitors with over 7,000 registered attendees. In this article, I'll give you highlights of some of my favorite excipient and active technologies that were presented. view less
The Benefits of Niacinamide George Deckner Get the information you need about using niacinamide, the biologically active form of niacin (vitamin B3), in your formulations. Includes an overview of the benefits of topical niacinamide, including improved skin barrier function, anti-aging, moisturizat...view more Get the information you need about using niacinamide, the biologically active form of niacin (vitamin B3), in your formulations. Includes an overview of the benefits of topical niacinamide, including improved skin barrier function, anti-aging, moisturization and more. view less
The Influence of Surfactant Composition and a Cationic Polymer on Silicone Deposition and Formulation Conditioning Performance Lubrizol This study investigates the effect of surfactant composition on silicone deposition to achieve optimal conditioning performance in shampoo formulations containing new naturally derived cationic cassia polymers.
The Influence of the Cosmetic Formulation on the Radical Status of Skin GEMATRIA TEST LAB All skin treatments that influence the hydration degree of the skin and/or its barrier function may have a measurable influence on the radical generation. The highest effect was measured, when a solution of glycerine and water (50:50, w/w) was applied on ...view more All skin treatments that influence the hydration degree of the skin and/or its barrier function may have a measurable influence on the radical generation. The highest effect was measured, when a solution of glycerine and water (50:50, w/w) was applied on the skin. The amount of free radicals compared to untreated skin was nearly doubled. Thus, there are no placebos, from a dermatological viewpoint. Beyond the extinction characteristics of UV filters, their distribution inside a cosmetic formulation as well as their distribution pattern on the skin’s surface are the most important parameters that drive the efficacy of sunscreens. The more homogeneous is the film of UV filters on the skin, the higher will be the protective effect. The three model formulations, each exemplary for common sunscreen sprays, lotions, and creams, have very different performance on the skin. view less
The Mechanism of Action and Efficacy Evaluation Methods for Preservatives Sino Lion 中狮化学 This paper discussed and reviewed the mechanism of action and factors influencing the preservative system in cosmetics. Three major evaluation methods (USP method, CTFA method and Linear-regression analysis) of Microbial challenge test have been compared ...view more This paper discussed and reviewed the mechanism of action and factors influencing the preservative system in cosmetics. Three major evaluation methods (USP method, CTFA method and Linear-regression analysis) of Microbial challenge test have been compared to test preservatives’ efficacy. It has been pointed out that the microbial challenge test is an important means to evaluate the efficacy of preservatives. view less
The Multifactorial Influences on the Radical Status of Skin GEMATRIA TEST LAB Since radical reactions in biological systems are among the most important factors that lead to premature skin ageing and severe pathologies, many strategies have been attempt to prevent free radical damage. Free radical reactions are ubiquitous in biolog...view more Since radical reactions in biological systems are among the most important factors that lead to premature skin ageing and severe pathologies, many strategies have been attempt to prevent free radical damage. Free radical reactions are ubiquitous in biological systems and the multiple defence systems in all living organisms surely testify the evolutionary importance of these reactions. view less
The Radical Skin Factor (RSF) Distinguishes Between Cosmetic Formulations Acting as Radical Protector or Booster GEMATRIA TEST LAB The free radical status of the skin can be detected by spin probe assisted ESR spectroscopy which enables the quantification of radical processes in the skin. These measurements are the basis for the evaluation of cosmetical and pharmacological skin care ...view more The free radical status of the skin can be detected by spin probe assisted ESR spectroscopy which enables the quantification of radical processes in the skin. These measurements are the basis for the evaluation of cosmetical and pharmacological skin care products, as antioxidant creams as well as surface active agents with a radical boosting effect like detergents/surfactants or selftanners up to further external and internal applied substances influencing the radical process in skin. view less
The Role of Melanin as Protector Against Free Radicals in Skin and its Role as Free Radical Indicator in Hair GEMATRIA TEST LAB Throughout the body, melanin is a homogenous biological polymer containing a population of intrinsic, semiquinone-like radicals. Additional extrinsic free radicals are reversibly photo-generated by UV and visible light. Melanin photochemistry, particularl...view more Throughout the body, melanin is a homogenous biological polymer containing a population of intrinsic, semiquinone-like radicals. Additional extrinsic free radicals are reversibly photo-generated by UV and visible light. Melanin photochemistry, particularly the formation and decay of extrinsic radicals, has been the subject of numerous electron spin resonance (ESR) spectroscopy studies. Several melanin monomers exist, and the predominant monomer in a melanin polymer depends on its location within an organism. In skin and hair, melanin differs in content of eumelanin or pheomelanin. Its bioradical character and its susceptibility to UV irradiation makes melanin an excellent indicator for UV-related processes in both skin and hair. view less
Thickening Surfactant Based Products George Deckner Personal care industry expert George Deckner discusses the potential benefits of thickening surfactant based products. Includes optimal choices of thickeners based on the specific needs of formulations, depending on clarity, PH, ingredients to suspend, an...view more Personal care industry expert George Deckner discusses the potential benefits of thickening surfactant based products. Includes optimal choices of thickeners based on the specific needs of formulations, depending on clarity, PH, ingredients to suspend, and the types of surfactants/concentration used. He also discuses thickening technologies for surfactant based products such as salt and polymers. view less