A deodorant is a type of toiletry that is applied to the skin to reduce or prevent odor that comes from bacterial decomposition. While there are many ingredients in deodorants such as zinc oxide and antibiotics, they all intend to manage bacterial growth. A variant of deodorant called antiperspirant serves to reduce sweating by altering the functions of the sweat glands. Deodorants can be applied to various body parts, while antiperspirant tends to be applied only to armpits. The FDA views deodorants as cosmetics and antiperspirant as an over-the-counter drug.
Chemical Makeup of Deodorants Most deodorants are alcohol-based, and that encourages sweating but kills bacteria in the short term. The active ingredients that accompany alcohol are sodium stearate, sodium chloride, and stearyl alcohol. Some deodorants include stronger, longer-lasting antimicrobial agents, including triclosan or compounds such as EDTA. Additionally, fragrance or essential oils may be added to deodorant formulas to help mask bodily odors.
Antiperspirant deodorant contains compounds such as aluminum chloride, aluminum chlorohydrate, and various aluminum-zirconium compounds. These elements react to the electrolytes in sweat and create a gel plug over the sweat gland. This stops gland excretion until skin peeling removes it. Metal salts interact with the sweat glands in a very different manner. They mix with keratin fibers in sweat ducts to create a physical block, stopping sweat from excreting to the skin. A side effect of these salts is in the astringent effect the antiperspirant has on the pores. This effect forces the pores to contract, further inhibiting sweat from reaching the skin’s surface.
Types of Deodorants Deodorants can be found in the forms of paste, crystal, patch, roll-ons, spray, and solid. Paste deodorants are rare, but they are effective. People seeking alternatives to artificial substances use paste deodorants commonly. Paste deodorants have very little effect on sweating, but work well in preventing odors. Crystals are the newest form to appear on the market. These consist of mineral rocks and most forms have aluminum in them. Patch deodorants serve as a delivery system for clinical strength deodorants. They function similarly to a nicotine patch, which involves a person applying it to the skin and leaving it for some time. The skin absorbs the ingredients, thus preventing sweating. This option is very expensive, and there is an excess of aluminum in them. Roll-on deodorant contains a liquid form of the deodorant. Solid deodorant consists of a cream form of deodorant in a solid state. The formula allows the substance to maintain its solid state in the container, but it melts when it comes in contact with skin.
This Roll-On Antiperspirant and Deodorant (AP/DEO) formulation offers comfortable extended protection against sweat. ElfaMoist® AC humectant provides moisturization as well as excellent aesthetics. STRUCTURE® XL rheology modifier is a starch-based ingredi...view more
This Roll-On Antiperspirant and Deodorant (AP/DEO) formulation offers comfortable extended protection against sweat. ElfaMoist® AC humectant provides moisturization as well as excellent aesthetics. STRUCTURE® XL rheology modifier is a starch-based ingredient that offers emulsion stabilization, thickening, and a smooth, conditioned after-feel. view less