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An Introduction to Active Delivery Technologies George Deckner Active delivery technologies are ingredients or formulation approaches that improve stability and efficacy or reduce active irritation for consumers in a meaningful way. George Deckner describes 8 development principles, 9 active delivery system objective...voir plus Active delivery technologies are ingredients or formulation approaches that improve stability and efficacy or reduce active irritation for consumers in a meaningful way. George Deckner describes 8 development principles, 9 active delivery system objectives and 10 types of delivery technologies. voir moins
Antioxidants: Powerful Skin Care Actives & Stabilizers George Deckner Antioxidants function by slowing or preventing the oxidation of the molecules by donating hydrogen to prevent free radical formation or by neutralizing existing ones. Industry expert, George Deckner, discusses the important of antioxidants in skin care fo...voir plus Antioxidants function by slowing or preventing the oxidation of the molecules by donating hydrogen to prevent free radical formation or by neutralizing existing ones. Industry expert, George Deckner, discusses the important of antioxidants in skin care formulations by explaining how they work, autoxidation, oxidative stress and skin aging and product stabilization. voir moins
Botanical Anti-Inflammatory Agents George Deckner Botanical-based ingredients may be used to treat a broad variety of skin conditions such as itch and inflammation. In this article by personal care industry expert formulator George Decker, you'll learn about botanical anti-Inflammatory agents and how the...voir plus Botanical-based ingredients may be used to treat a broad variety of skin conditions such as itch and inflammation. In this article by personal care industry expert formulator George Decker, you'll learn about botanical anti-Inflammatory agents and how they may be used in personal care products. voir moins
Developing Skin-Lightening Products George Deckner Skin lightening refers to the ability of a product to reduce hyper pigmented areas or spots on the skin. These products try to even or lessen skin coloration due to the formation of excessive melanin. In this article, expert formulator George Deckner disc...voir plus Skin lightening refers to the ability of a product to reduce hyper pigmented areas or spots on the skin. These products try to even or lessen skin coloration due to the formation of excessive melanin. In this article, expert formulator George Deckner discusses the skin pigmentation process and shares strategies for developing successful skin-lightening products, as well as ingredient resources. voir moins
Fatty Alcohol Basics George Deckner Get familiar with fatty alcohols in this industry expert article by veteran personal care formulator George Deckner. Article covers typical uses, chemical composition, natural and synthetic sources and processes and recommended suppliers. Describes the Zi...voir plus Get familiar with fatty alcohols in this industry expert article by veteran personal care formulator George Deckner. Article covers typical uses, chemical composition, natural and synthetic sources and processes and recommended suppliers. Describes the Ziegler process, Shell higher olefin process and Guerbet alcohols. voir moins
Glycerin: A Significant Humectant George Deckner Glycerin is one of the most important and widely used ingredients in skin care formulations. It is a water-soluble, odorless, colorless, naturally-occurring humectant commonly used as a moisturizer, solvent, or lubricant. In this article, industry expert ...voir plus Glycerin is one of the most important and widely used ingredients in skin care formulations. It is a water-soluble, odorless, colorless, naturally-occurring humectant commonly used as a moisturizer, solvent, or lubricant. In this article, industry expert George Deckner discusses the 10 key benefits of glycerin. voir moins
Humectants: Materials with Multiple Benefits George Deckner Humectants are important multifunctional ingredients found in most skin care formulations. They are defined as materials that can absorb or retain moisture. Humectants can provide numerous benefits such moisturization, exfoliation, potentiation of preserv...voir plus Humectants are important multifunctional ingredients found in most skin care formulations. They are defined as materials that can absorb or retain moisture. Humectants can provide numerous benefits such moisturization, exfoliation, potentiation of preservation activity and more. Read expert author George Deckner's article to learn about moisturizing humectants, antimicrobial potentiating humectants, humectant solvents and natural based humectants. voir moins
Hyaluronic Acid: A Ubiquitous Biopolymer George Deckner Hyaluronic Acid also know as Sodium Hyaluronate is a ubiquitous biopolymer found in connective, epithelial, and neural mammalian tissues. In this exclusive article by expert George Deckner, he outlines its origin, history, and beneficial properties. Halur...voir plus Hyaluronic Acid also know as Sodium Hyaluronate is a ubiquitous biopolymer found in connective, epithelial, and neural mammalian tissues. In this exclusive article by expert George Deckner, he outlines its origin, history, and beneficial properties. Haluronic acid can be used in formulations to enhance moisture and elasticity in skin, reduce fine lines and improve Rosacea. voir moins
in-cosmetics Barcelona 2015 Recap George Deckner In Cosmetics is the largest personal care ingredient exhibition in the world and was held this year in Barcelona Spain April 14-16. A record number of over 700 global exhibitors participated in this year’s show. Read George Deckner's article to learn more...voir plus In Cosmetics is the largest personal care ingredient exhibition in the world and was held this year in Barcelona Spain April 14-16. A record number of over 700 global exhibitors participated in this year’s show. Read George Deckner's article to learn more about important suppliers and products featured at this year's show. voir moins
Men’s Skincare: Male Skin Biology & Opportunities in a Hot Market George Deckner Men's skincare is a hot growing market. Learn about male skin biology, the differences between male and female skin as well as the increasing market opportunities in this article by personal care industry expert, George Deckner.
Microemulsions Explained George Deckner The term “microemulsion” was first used by Schulman in 1959 to describe a multiphase system consisting of water, oil, surfactant and alcohol, which forms transparent solutions. MEs are thermodynamically stable micellar dispersions with a particle size of ...voir plus The term “microemulsion” was first used by Schulman in 1959 to describe a multiphase system consisting of water, oil, surfactant and alcohol, which forms transparent solutions. MEs are thermodynamically stable micellar dispersions with a particle size of 10-100 nm that instantly form with simple mixing. Read this article by industry expert, George Deckner, to learn more about microemulsions, the advantages and disadvantages, recommended surfactants/solvents and marketed microemulsion systems. voir moins
Moisturizing Strategy: Tips and Recommendations for Formulation George Deckner This article by expert author George Deckner, discusses the importance of finding the right moisturizing base when formulating the most optimal products. He focuses on the factors that make up a good moisturizing base like reduction in dry, itchy skin, im...voir plus This article by expert author George Deckner, discusses the importance of finding the right moisturizing base when formulating the most optimal products. He focuses on the factors that make up a good moisturizing base like reduction in dry, itchy skin, improved skin elasticity, longer lasting self-tanning color and more. He also talks about TEWL reducing lipids, Stratum Corneum, Aquaporin, caffeine, recommended humectants and emollients and skin barrier-building materials. voir moins
Molecular Encapsulation Using Cyclodextrin George Deckner Personal care and cleaners expert formulator George Deckner discusses cyclodextrins, which are cyclic oligosaccharides used in foods, cosmetics, home care products and pharmaceuticals for active encapsulation and delivery, in this exclusive article. Types...voir plus Personal care and cleaners expert formulator George Deckner discusses cyclodextrins, which are cyclic oligosaccharides used in foods, cosmetics, home care products and pharmaceuticals for active encapsulation and delivery, in this exclusive article. Types, properties and applications of cyclodextrins, or CDs are discussed. voir moins
Multitasking Emollients George Deckner Multitasking emollients are ingredients that can both improve skin feel and provide other significant benefits. In this article by expert formulator George Decker, you'll learn about emollients as moisturizing ingredients and solvents.
Natural Based Thickeners George Deckner Natural based thickeners are either soluble, or swellable polymers that bind or immobilize water to create structure or viscosity. In this article by expert formulator George Decker, you'll learn about the different types of natural based thickeners and t...voir plus Natural based thickeners are either soluble, or swellable polymers that bind or immobilize water to create structure or viscosity. In this article by expert formulator George Decker, you'll learn about the different types of natural based thickeners and their characteristics as well as his product recommendations. voir moins
Penetration of Reactive Substances in the Skin Characterized by its Radical Status Factor (RSF) GEMATRIA TEST LAB The effect of external treatments of the skin, as the topical application of substances (cosmetics-UV filter, antioxidants), the protection by textiles or the application of aggressive detergents influence the free radical status of the skin and can be ch...voir plus The effect of external treatments of the skin, as the topical application of substances (cosmetics-UV filter, antioxidants), the protection by textiles or the application of aggressive detergents influence the free radical status of the skin and can be characterized by the Radical Skin/ Status Factor RSF. This factor demonstrates the relation between the Radica l Status (RS) of the untreated (RS untr) and treated skin (RS tr) : RSF = RS tr/RS untr. Substances or influences with a radical reducing effect results in a RSF > 1, with a radical increasing effect in a RSF < 1. No influence means accordingly RSF = 1. Therefore the RSF describes not only the UV- and Radical - protection of sunscreens but it is an universal factor for characterizing the whole radical status as a function of various exogenous and endogenous influences. voir moins
Principles of Good Formulation Development George Deckner Expert author George Deckner discusses the steps to good formulation, from remembering to test stability to avoiding issues with patents. Some of the main ideas he covers are simplicity, using chelants and antioxidants, having multiple options, understand...voir plus Expert author George Deckner discusses the steps to good formulation, from remembering to test stability to avoiding issues with patents. Some of the main ideas he covers are simplicity, using chelants and antioxidants, having multiple options, understanding global regulations/restrictions, and more. voir moins
Sensory Modifiers: Staples of the Formulator’s Toolbox Priscilla Taylor As the name implies, sensory modifiers are ingredients that affect the senses and are most often required to convert a negative aesthetic into a more pleasing consumer experience. Expert author, Priscilla Taylor, explains how sensory modifiers are essenti...voir plus As the name implies, sensory modifiers are ingredients that affect the senses and are most often required to convert a negative aesthetic into a more pleasing consumer experience. Expert author, Priscilla Taylor, explains how sensory modifiers are essential ingredients that are important in delivering a consumer-acceptable product and are represented by multiple chemical classes. voir moins
Technology Highlights from NYSCC Supplier's Day 2016 George Deckner NYSCC Supplier’s Day 2016 was held at the New Jersey Convention and Expo Center in Edison New Jersey. The show is the largest personal care ingredient trade show in the US and this year’s show had 378 global exhibitors with over 7,000 registered attendees...voir plus NYSCC Supplier’s Day 2016 was held at the New Jersey Convention and Expo Center in Edison New Jersey. The show is the largest personal care ingredient trade show in the US and this year’s show had 378 global exhibitors with over 7,000 registered attendees. In this article, I'll give you highlights of some of my favorite excipient and active technologies that were presented. voir moins
The Benefits of Niacinamide George Deckner Get the information you need about using niacinamide, the biologically active form of niacin (vitamin B3), in your formulations. Includes an overview of the benefits of topical niacinamide, including improved skin barrier function, anti-aging, moisturizat...voir plus Get the information you need about using niacinamide, the biologically active form of niacin (vitamin B3), in your formulations. Includes an overview of the benefits of topical niacinamide, including improved skin barrier function, anti-aging, moisturization and more. voir moins
The Influence of the Cosmetic Formulation on the Radical Status of Skin GEMATRIA TEST LAB All skin treatments that influence the hydration degree of the skin and/or its barrier function may have a measurable influence on the radical generation. The highest effect was measured, when a solution of glycerine and water (50:50, w/w) was applied on ...voir plus All skin treatments that influence the hydration degree of the skin and/or its barrier function may have a measurable influence on the radical generation. The highest effect was measured, when a solution of glycerine and water (50:50, w/w) was applied on the skin. The amount of free radicals compared to untreated skin was nearly doubled. Thus, there are no placebos, from a dermatological viewpoint. Beyond the extinction characteristics of UV filters, their distribution inside a cosmetic formulation as well as their distribution pattern on the skin’s surface are the most important parameters that drive the efficacy of sunscreens. The more homogeneous is the film of UV filters on the skin, the higher will be the protective effect. The three model formulations, each exemplary for common sunscreen sprays, lotions, and creams, have very different performance on the skin. voir moins
The Multifactorial Influences on the Radical Status of Skin GEMATRIA TEST LAB Since radical reactions in biological systems are among the most important factors that lead to premature skin ageing and severe pathologies, many strategies have been attempt to prevent free radical damage. Free radical reactions are ubiquitous in biolog...voir plus Since radical reactions in biological systems are among the most important factors that lead to premature skin ageing and severe pathologies, many strategies have been attempt to prevent free radical damage. Free radical reactions are ubiquitous in biological systems and the multiple defence systems in all living organisms surely testify the evolutionary importance of these reactions. voir moins
The Radical Skin Factor (RSF) Distinguishes Between Cosmetic Formulations Acting as Radical Protector or Booster GEMATRIA TEST LAB The free radical status of the skin can be detected by spin probe assisted ESR spectroscopy which enables the quantification of radical processes in the skin. These measurements are the basis for the evaluation of cosmetical and pharmacological skin care ...voir plus The free radical status of the skin can be detected by spin probe assisted ESR spectroscopy which enables the quantification of radical processes in the skin. These measurements are the basis for the evaluation of cosmetical and pharmacological skin care products, as antioxidant creams as well as surface active agents with a radical boosting effect like detergents/surfactants or selftanners up to further external and internal applied substances influencing the radical process in skin. voir moins
The Role of Melanin as Protector Against Free Radicals in Skin and its Role as Free Radical Indicator in Hair GEMATRIA TEST LAB Throughout the body, melanin is a homogenous biological polymer containing a population of intrinsic, semiquinone-like radicals. Additional extrinsic free radicals are reversibly photo-generated by UV and visible light. Melanin photochemistry, particularl...voir plus Throughout the body, melanin is a homogenous biological polymer containing a population of intrinsic, semiquinone-like radicals. Additional extrinsic free radicals are reversibly photo-generated by UV and visible light. Melanin photochemistry, particularly the formation and decay of extrinsic radicals, has been the subject of numerous electron spin resonance (ESR) spectroscopy studies. Several melanin monomers exist, and the predominant monomer in a melanin polymer depends on its location within an organism. In skin and hair, melanin differs in content of eumelanin or pheomelanin. Its bioradical character and its susceptibility to UV irradiation makes melanin an excellent indicator for UV-related processes in both skin and hair. voir moins
Thickening Surfactant Based Products George Deckner Personal care industry expert George Deckner discusses the potential benefits of thickening surfactant based products. Includes optimal choices of thickeners based on the specific needs of formulations, depending on clarity, PH, ingredients to suspend, an...voir plus Personal care industry expert George Deckner discusses the potential benefits of thickening surfactant based products. Includes optimal choices of thickeners based on the specific needs of formulations, depending on clarity, PH, ingredients to suspend, and the types of surfactants/concentration used. He also discuses thickening technologies for surfactant based products such as salt and polymers. voir moins
Understanding Deposition from Rinse Off Products George Deckner Personal Care expert George Deckner explains deposition from rinse off products in this exclusive article. Article presents information on factors controlling coacervate precipitation and deposition, including polymers and guar. Also covered are surfactan...voir plus Personal Care expert George Deckner explains deposition from rinse off products in this exclusive article. Article presents information on factors controlling coacervate precipitation and deposition, including polymers and guar. Also covered are surfactants, particles and other factors. voir moins
Understanding Polarity George Deckner Personal Care expert, George Deckner explains the importance of polarity which is the unequal sharing of electrons between atoms in a molecule in which one has larger electronegativity than another, resulting in a dipole or "bent" structure. He discusses ...voir plus Personal Care expert, George Deckner explains the importance of polarity which is the unequal sharing of electrons between atoms in a molecule in which one has larger electronegativity than another, resulting in a dipole or "bent" structure. He discusses how understanding polarity has helped him solve essential formulation problems over the years. Polarity can affect solubility, wetting, dispersability, SPF, sunscreen stability, skin penetration, formulation stability, and emulsification. voir moins
Xanthan Gum: A Workhorse Polysaccharide George Deckner Xanthan gum is the most important polysaccharide used in personal care formulations. It‘s a workhorse ingredient that is well worth learning how to use. Read this article by Geroge Deckner to learn about xanthan gum products and suppliers found in the per...voir plus Xanthan gum is the most important polysaccharide used in personal care formulations. It‘s a workhorse ingredient that is well worth learning how to use. Read this article by Geroge Deckner to learn about xanthan gum products and suppliers found in the personal care and cosmetics industry today. voir moins